Lady of Mt. Carmel
July 16th in History
Highlights in history on this date
622 - Mohammed fled
Mecca. For most Muslims
this marks the beginning of the Islamic Era. 1048 - Benedict IX, known
as the "Boy Pope," resigned from the papacy.
1054 - Pope Leo IX
excommunication to the patriarch in Constantinople. The patriarch then
excommunicates the pope, resulting in the East-West Schism, where
Christianity is split into Catholic and Orthodox
schism has never been completely healed.
1096 - During the
First Crusade, the Christians (Urban II was then Pope) carried out one
of the greatest crimes in history. The "Soldiers of Christ"
indiscriminately killed men, women, children and the elderly in
Jerusalem - Muslims
thousand Crusaders murdered in those two days approximately 40,000
1194 - Clare of
Assisi is born.
1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. The beginning of a long decline
in the power of the Moors in Spain.
1251 - According to Carmelite traditions, the scapular was given to St.
Simon Stock by the Blessed Virgin.
1533 - Atahualpa, king of the Inca empire, is executed on orders of
conquistador Francisco Pizarro, after the Indian leader paid the
Spaniard's ransom demand - one roomful of gold and two of silver.
1661 - The first bank notes in Europe were issued by the Bank of
1774 - Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the treaty of
Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.
1790 - Washington, D.C. is selected as the U.S. Capital.
1858 - The final Apparition of Our Lady of Lourdes (France) takes place.
1917 - The Bolsheviks began an attempt to seize power in Petrograd but
were defeated. Trotsky was arrested and Lenin went into hiding.
1918 - Czar Nicholas II, his wife Empress Alexandra, their five
children, their doctor and three attendants were herded into the cellar
of a house in Ekaterinburg. Nicholas had been forced to abdicate a year
earlier as civil war gripped the country. The Czar and his family were
lined up against a wall, a firing squad burst into the room and opened
fire. The firing squad used bayonets to finish them off. The "Gates of
Communism" were now wide open and the final chapter of this long and
bloody, yet preventable saga
is about to be played out
1920 - China joins the newly founded League of Nations
1921 - Greek forces defeat Turks at Kutania in Turkey.
1925 - First elected parliament in Iraq opens in Baghdad.
1940 - Hitler gives orders to prepare the invasion of Britain.
1941 - German forces pierce Soviet Stalin Line and take Smolensk.
1942 - Nearly 14,000 Jews were arrested in Paris as part of a Nazi
roundup of the Jewish people in France.
1945 - First atomic bomb is exploded over desert in New Mexico, U.S.,
heralding start of atomic age. Project Code Name: Trinity
1949 - Chinese Nationalists organize Supreme Council under Chiang
Kai-Shek, which begins to move forces to Taiwan.
1967 - Mastercard Credit Card comes into use.
1969 - U.S. Apollo 11 spacecraft is launched from Cape Canaveral,
Florida, to land first men on Moon.
1979 - Saddam Hussein takes over as president of Iraq.
1981 - India performs nuclear test.
1990 - More than 1,600 people killed as major earthquake strikes the
1990 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and West German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl announced that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a
united Germany's membership in NATO.
1991 - U.S. tentatively decides to give up Clark Air Base in
Philippines after that base was damaged in eruption of Mount Pinatubo
earlier in the year.
1991 - At its London summit, the Group of Seven agreed to support the
Soviet Union's economic reforms and its admission to the International
1992 - Thousands of refugees flee from Bosnia to Croatia as Serb forces
expand their hold in Bosnia.
1994 - The first fragment from comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 crashes into
Jupiter, creating a 1,200-mile wide (1,930-kilometer-wide) fireball.
1995 - Four months after they strayed across the border into Iraq, two
Americans are released from their maximum-security prison.
1996 - In Kiev, Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko narrowly escapes an
assassination attempt when a bomb explodes in his motorcade.
1997 - Parliament of the Yugoslav Federation elects Slobodan Milosevic
as president in a hastily organized vote condemned by opposition
1998 - The United Nations says it is pulling its human rights mission
out of Rwanda after it failed to reach an agreement with the government
on a new mandate.
1999 - A plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr., son of the late
president, disappears over the sea north of Long Island, New York. The
plane also carried his wife and sister-in-law. The wreckage is found
five days later and the bodies are recovered.
2000 - Total Lunar Eclipse (flanked by two Partial Solar Eclipses in
the same month.)
2001 - Russia and China sign their first friendship treaty in more than
half a century.
2004 - The Presbyterian Church has voted to begin a process of
divestment from companies that do business with Israel. The
Presbyterians are the first major Christian denomination to call for
such a move.
2005 - 60th Anniversary of explosion of first atomic bomb, heralding
start of atomic age. Project Code Name: Trinity
2007 - An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occurs off
the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured
and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chūetsu offshore
2013 - 27 children are killed and 25 are hospitalized after eating
lunch contaminated with insecticide in India
2014 - Bashar al-Assad is sworn in for a third term as President of
2014 - Death toll within Gaza surpasses 200 people following air
strikes by Israel
2015 - Shootings in Chattanooga at a US military recruitment centre and
a naval reserve training center kill 5 and injure others.
2016 - Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump announces Indiana
governor Mike Pence as his Vice Presidential running mate
2018 - US President Donald Trump appears to accept the word of Russian
President Vladimir Putin over US intelligence services about Russian
meddling in the 2016 US election.
2019 - Only God knows....
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