Papacy - A Historical Perspective
BL. Benedict XI : 1303-1304 A.D.
194. Born in Treviso. Elected October 27, 1303 - died July 7, 1304.
He settled the serious dispute with the
Kingdom of France.
He was prosecuted by a group of conspirators and died from
poisoning after having eaten figs, of which he was very fond.
Since Benedict X was an anti-pope, he should have been called
Benedict but he refused this name because
it had been attributed to an usurper.
He was buried in the Church of San Domenico in Perugia. On April
24th 1736 he was beatified by Clement
XII. His pontificate lasted about 8 months.
Clement V :1305-1314 A.D.
195. Born in Willaudraut (France). Elected November 14, 1305 - died
April 20, 1314.
He was consecrated in Lyon and under
the influence of
Philip the Fair settled the residence of the Holy See in Avignon; this
uation lasted 70 years. He called the 15th Ecumenical Council. He
founded the University of Oxford, the University of Perugia and
the chairs of Hebraic, Syrian and Arab in the University of Bologna.
He was elected by the conclave of Perugia, which lasted almost
11 months since the cardinals could not come to an agreement.
He established his residence in Avignon.
At the request of the king, he abolished the rich and powerful
order of the Templars.
He is buried in France, in Uzes. His pontificate lasted 8 years
and 10 months.
John XXII : 1316-1334 A.D.
196. Born in Cahors (France). Elected September 5, 1316 - died
December 4, 1334.
He was elected in Lyon after a
vacancy of two years.
He introduced the Holy Trinity Holiday, the Tribunal of the Rota
round table of judges) and ordered the building of the Pontifical
He reserved the office of the pontifical sacristan and confessor of
the Pontifical Palaces to an Augustinian bishop. He intensified the
missions to Ceylon, Nubia and among the Tartars.
He introduced the Corpus Domini procession. He canonized
Thomas of Aquinas and
approved the Olivetan order.
He was buried in the cathedral of Avignon. His pontificate lasted
about 18 years and 4 months.
Back to Top
Index of Roman
© Format Copyright 2002 - 2022 by The M+G+R Foundation.
All rights reserved.
The M+G+R Foundation
Please Note: If the above dated image does not appear
on this document, it means that you are not viewing the original
document from our servers. Should you have reason to doubt the
authenticity of the document, we recommend that you access our server
again and click on the "Refresh" or "Reload" button of your Browser to
view the original document.