Papacy - A Historical Perspective
Clement II : 1046 - 1047 A.D.
149. Born in Saxony. Elected December 25, 1046 - died October
He was worried about the arrogance
showed by bishops-earls,
as a result
of relentless struggles with vessels; he managed to overcome the
resistance of bishop Aribert from Milan, creating the famous
"Carroccio". In Germany, he canonized St. Viborata, a Hungarian martyr.
second German Pope.
He is supposed to have used the coat of arms for
the first time.
He is the only Pope to be buried in Germany in fact he
died in this country and his body lies in Bramberg in a richly
His pontificate lasted about 10 months.
Benedict IX : 1047-1048 A.D.
150. Elected for the third time November 8, 1047,
he renounced to his office on July
17, 1048. He followed the advice of St. Bartholomew and after
months he resigned.
Repenting his immoral life, he spent his last days as a monk
in the convent of San Basilio in Grottaferrata, where
he died and was buried.
Damasus II : 1048 A.D.
151. Born in Bavaria. Elected July 17, 1048 - died August 9,1048.
He took the place of Benedict IX
according to the will of
III from Germany, since Aliardus, Bishop of Lyon, had renounced the
tiara. He retired to Palestrina where he died after only 23 days of
He is buried in the Basilica of S. Lorenzo Fuori Ie Mura in Rome.
St. Leo IX : 1049-1054 A.D.
152. Born in Egnisheim (Alsazia). Elected March 12, 1049. died April
He was freely elected by the clergy and
the Roman people.
Once arrived to Rome, he wanted to come to the papal seat on bare
as a symbol of humility.
He excommunicated Michele Cerulario who caused the schism of the
Greek and Latin churches.
He accepted the idea expressed by the reforming programme that
the Pope should be elected
by the single dignitaries of the church, called cardinals.
The idea of Leo IX was definitely adopted 10 years later by Nicholas
When he was 50, he started to study the Greek language in order to
refute the writings of
He is buried in the left transept of the Basilica of St. Peter.
His pontificate lasted 5 years and 2 months.
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